Politics

The ʿUlamāʾ and the Arab Uprisings 2011-13: Considering Yusuf al-Qaradawi, the ‘Global Mufti,’ between the Muslim Brotherhood, the Islamic Legal Tradition, and Qatari Foreign Policy

21Mar 14

David H. Warren

Abstract: This article aims to explore emerging trends for the Sunni religious elite and the Islamic legal tradition in the new context of the Arab Uprisings by focusing on Yusuf al-Qaradawi, arguably the most prominent of these ʿulamāʾ alive today. Continue reading →

From Şikayet to Political Discourse and ‘Public Opinion’: Petitioning Practices to the King-Crane Commission

18Feb 14

Yuval Ben-Bassat and Fruma Zachs

Abstract: The King-Crane Commission, named after its two chairs, Henry Churchill King (1858-1934) and Charles R. Crane (1858-1939), was an American investigative commission set up to explore possible political arrangements for the former Ottoman Empire in the aftermath of World War I and the collapse of the Empire. While most research has dealt with the issue of whether the petitions submitted to the King-Crane Commission were a genuine manifestation of ‘public opinion’ or merely manipulations by interested elite parties, this article shifts the focus beyond this debate. Continue reading →

The Impact of ‘Biblical Orientalism’ in Late Nineteeth- and Early Twentieth-Century Palestine

30Jan 14

Lorenzo Kamel

Abstract: ‘Biblical Orientalism’ can be defined as a phenomenon based on the combination of a selective use of religion and a simplifying way to approach its natural habitat: the ‘Holy Land’. Between the 1830s and the beginning of the 20th century this attitude triggered a flood of mainly British books, private diaries and maps. Continue reading →

Rebellion, Sectarian Slaughter or Civil War? Reading the Syrian Mêlée

12Jul 13

A review article by José Ciro Martínez

Texts reviewed:

Fouad Ajami, The Syrian Rebellion (Stanford: Hoover Institution Press, 2012).

Samar Yazbek, A Woman in the Crossfire: Diaries of the Syrian Revolution, trans. Max Weiss (London: Haus Publishing, 2012).

Stephen Starr, Revolt in Syria: Eye-Witness to the Uprising (London: C Hurst & Co, 2012).

Bassam Haddad, Business Networks in Syria: The Political Economy of Authoritarian Resilience (Stanford: Standford University Press, 2012). Continue reading →

Immunity to the Arab Spring? Fear, Fatigue and Fragmentation in Algeria

7Jan 13

Edward McAllister

Abstract:  Rather than asking why the Arab Spring has not spread to Algeria, a question that necessitates a comparative approach, this paper will argue that the localised protests that have become a familiar feature of Algerian life for over half a decade respond to Algerian dynamics and have continued to do so in the wake of the Arab Spring. Continue reading →

Consuming Revolution: Ethics, Art and Ambivalence in the Arab Spring

3Dec 12

Nancy Demerdash

A new way to view a Quick Study presentation at NMES

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The Iranian Electric Power Industry after the Islamic Revolution: Nuclear Developments and Current Conditions

29Oct 12

Denis Volkov

This quick study analyses Iran’s electric power industry and the role of nuclear power therein. Until 2010, the author worked in this industry and was based in Tehran. In this quick study, he answers the question: “does Iran really need nuclear power?” Continue reading →

Rethinking neo-Salafism through an Emerging Fiqh of Citizenship: The Changing Status of Minorities in the Discourse of Yusuf al-Qaradawi and the ‘School of the Middle Way’

29Oct 12

David H. Warren and Christine Gilmore

This quick study shows that while al-Qaradawi’s early work on the citizenship status of non-Muslims was neo-traditionalist in that it advocated retaining the dhimma system, he has since moved away from this position and is actively engaged in the process of developing an innovative and inclusive theory of “Islamic Citizenship” Continue reading →

The Ideological Framing of the National Outlook Parties in Turkey

11Apr 12

Feriha Perekli

Abstract: This paper unpacks the ideological framing of the National Outlook (NO) parties in Turkey, focusing on the National Order Party and the National Salvation Party during the 1970s, and the Welfare Party between the years 1983 and 1991. Rejecting violence for the purpose of bringing Continue reading →

The Reagan Administration and the Origins of the War on Terror: Lebanon and Libya as Case Studies

4Apr 12

Mattia Toaldo

Abstract: This article uses recently declassified records to analyze the American intervention in Lebanon between 1982 and 1984 and the confrontation with Libya between 1981 and 1986. In both cases, the US responded Continue reading →